Did You Know?
Facts about Port Facilities and Inland Waterways
- In-transit (commerce with a foreign origin and destination) waterborne commerce moved through 81 U.S. ports in 2000.
- Nearly 89% and 40% of all foreign traffic in 2000 for Portland, ME and Brownsville, TX, respectively, was in-transit.
- Crude Petroleum comprises 62.7% of U.S. waterborne in-transits, while food and farm products rank second with 12.3%, based on weight in 2000.
- The top five U.S. ports ranked by dollar value of foreign traffic for calendar year 2000 are: Long Beach, CA; Los Angeles, CA; New York, NY and NJ; Houston, TX and Tacoma, WA.
- In 2000, 7.1% of all U.S. waterborne commerce by weight was containerized (1.2% of domestic and 11.6% of foreign).
- The Consolidated Port of Hampton Roads exported the largest volume of coal in the U.S., 21.8 million tons in 2000, down 8.0% from 1999.
- Forty-one states, 16 state capitals and all states east of the Mississippi River are served by commercially navigable waterways.
- Louisiana has over 1000 port facilities (Texas has an equal number) on 2000 miles of channels maintained by the Corps.
- Nearly 500 U.S. grain transfer facilities are served by water transportation with the largest number, over 140 facilities, located on the Upper Mississippi River and the Illinois Waterway.
- The state of Kentucky has the longest shoreline along any one inland waterway, 664 miles on the Ohio River.
- The state of Michigan has deep draft port facilities on 4 Great Lakes. Pennsylvania and New York have ports along the Great Lakes and Atlantic Coast.
- The port areas of New York-New Jersey, Seattle and San Francisco have the largest number of ferry passengers in the U.S.
- The deep-water port located furthest from the sea is Baton Rouge, LA at miles 168 to 255 Above the Head of Passes on the Mississippi River.
- The St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation reported 35.4 million metric tons (39.0 million short tons) moving on the St. Lawrence Seaway in 2000, a 2.7% decrease from 1999.
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U.S. Army Corps of Engineers | Navigation Data Center | 7701 Telegraph Rd, Casey Bldg. | Alexandria, VA 22315 | Voice:(703) 428-9061 | Fax:(703) 428-6047